Inför Sem 5


…då vi ska prata lite om utilitarism.

Nationalekonomen Bryan Caplan ställer en relevant fråga:

Since Scott’s an avowed utilitarian, I assume he’d use the utilitarian principle to distinguish good guys from bad. His answer to the question, “When is it morally permissible for us to kill 3,000 enemy civilians?” would have to be “If it increases total utility.” Many, perhaps most, Americans would buy this answer.

But when asked, “When is it morally permissible for the enemy to kill 3,000 of our civilians?” the consistent utilitarian again has to answer, “If it increases total utility.” And while a handful of hard-core utilitarians will bite that bullet, few Americans would join them. When they’re attacking us, a mere excess of social benefits over social costs isn’t good enough.


1 thought on “Inför Sem 5

  1. Emelie, Grupp 9

    Hej! En tentafråga som det inte finns facit till:
    (Tenta 29okt 2010, fråga 9)
    Anton har 6 muffins och 200g godis. Bea har 4 muffins å 300g godis.
    A) Illustrera med hjälp av en Edgeworthbox anton å beas bytesekonomi och ange den initiala allokeringen i boxen.
    B) antag att båda har avtagande marginalnytta ac såväl muffins som godis, samt att den initiala allokeringen inte är paretoeffektiv. illustrera hur anton å beas indifferenskurvor geonom denna allokering skulle kunna se ut.
    C) illustrera hur en kontraktskurva för ekonomin skulle kunna se ut å visa hur anton å bea båda kan förbättra sin situation relativt det initiala läget.

    Tack på förhand!!

    Reply

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