…då vi ska prata lite om utilitarism.
Nationalekonomen Bryan Caplan ställer en relevant fråga:
Since Scott’s an avowed utilitarian, I assume he’d use the utilitarian principle to distinguish good guys from bad. His answer to the question, “When is it morally permissible for us to kill 3,000 enemy civilians?” would have to be “If it increases total utility.” Many, perhaps most, Americans would buy this answer.
But when asked, “When is it morally permissible for the enemy to kill 3,000 of our civilians?” the consistent utilitarian again has to answer, “If it increases total utility.” And while a handful of hard-core utilitarians will bite that bullet, few Americans would join them. When they’re attacking us, a mere excess of social benefits over social costs isn’t good enough.